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蔓九节,Psychotria serpens Linn.

〃喵〃 2021-06-29 02:28:35 1891

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蔓九节,Psychotria serpens Linn.档案信息

蔓九节Psychotria serpens Linn.

别名:/从;伸筋藤;柃壁龙;葡萄九节;扲树龙;白珠藤;白果仔;白编抛藤;广东络石藤;九节藤;崧筋藤;骨碎药;匍匐九节木;穿根藤;上树龙;(/从)筋藤;风不动藤;蜈蚣藤;松筋藤;曼九节;拎壁龙;风不动;匍匐九节;苁筋藤;

科名:茜草科 Rubiaceae

属名:九节属 Psychotria

蔓九节,Psychotria serpens Linn.

《中国植物志》第71(2)卷060页
  17. 蔓九节(中国高等植物图鉴)拎壁龙、风不动藤(台湾植物志),穿根藤(潮州志),娱蚣藤(海南檐县),崧筋藤、上树龙 图版14: 10-14
  Psychotria serpens Linn. Mant. 204. 1771; DC. Prodr. 4: 519. 1830; Benth. in Hook. Kew Journ. Bot. 4: 198. 1852; Benth. Fl. Hongk. 161. 1861; Maxim. in Bull. Acad. Imp. Sci. St. -Petersb. 29: 172. 1883; Hemsl. in Journ. Linn. Soc. Bot. 23: 387. 1888; Hayata, Ic. Pl. Formos. 2: 97. 1912; Pitard in Lecomte, Fl. Gen. Indo-Chine 3: 352. 1924; Merr. in Lingnan Sci. Journ. 6; 287. 1928; Kanehira, Formos. Trees rev. ed. 679, fig. 633. 1936; 广州植物志516. 1956; Li, Woody Fl. Taiwan 867. 1963; 海南植物志3: 353. 1974; 中国高等植物图鉴4: 266, 图5946. 1975; 台湾植物志4: 329. 1978; C. E. Chang in Journ. Phytogeography taxon. 29 (1): 19. 1981. ——P. scandens Hook. et Arn. Bot. Beech. Voy. 193. 1836. ——P. ixoroides auct. non Bartl, ex DC.: Merr. in Lingnan Sci. Journ. 5: 176. 1927.
  多分枝、攀缘或匍匐藤本,常以气根攀附于树干或岩石上,长可达6米或更长;嫩枝稍扁,无毛或有粃糠状短柔毛,有细直纹,老枝圆柱形,近木质,攀附枝有一列短而密的气根。叶对生,纸质或革质,叶形变化很大,年幼植株的叶多呈卵形或倒卵形,年老植株的叶多呈椭圆形、披针形、倒披针形或倒卵状长圆形,长0.7-9厘米,宽0.5-3.8厘米,顶端短尖、钝或锐渐尖,基部楔形或稍圆,边全缘而有时稍反卷,干时苍绿色或暗红褐色,下面色较淡,侧脉4-10对,纤细,不明显或在下面稍明显;叶柄长1-10毫米,无毛或有粃糠状短柔毛;托叶膜质,短鞘状,顶端不裂,长2-3毫米,宽2-5毫米,脱落。聚伞花序顶生,有时被秕糠状短柔毛,常三歧分枝,圆锥状或伞房状,长1.5-5厘米,宽1-5.5厘米,总花梗长达3厘米,少至多花;苞片和小苞片线状披针形,苞片长达2毫米,小苞片长约0.7毫米,常对生;花梗长0.5-1.5毫米;花萼倒圆锥形,长约2.5毫米,与花冠外面有时被秕糠状短柔毛,檐部扩大,顶端5浅裂,裂片三角形,长约0.5毫米;花冠白色,冠管与花冠裂片近等长,长1.5-3毫米,花冠裂片长圆形,喉部被白色长柔毛;花丝长约1毫米,花药长圆形,长约0.8毫米。浆果状核果球形或椭圆形,具纵棱,常呈白色,长4-7毫米,直径2.5-6毫米;果柄长1.5-5毫米;小核背面凸起,具纵棱,腹面平而光滑。花期4-6月,果期全年。
  产浙江、福建、台湾、广东、香港、海南、广西。生于平地、丘陵、山地、山谷水旁的灌丛或林中,海拔70-1360米。分布于日本、朝鲜、越南、柬埔寨、老挝、泰国。模式标本采于广州。
  全株药用,功能舒筋活络、壮筋骨、祛风止痛、凉血消肿;治风湿痹痛、坐骨神经痛、痈疮肿毒、咽喉肿痛。

《Flora of China》 Vol. 19 (2011)
Psychotria serpens Linnaeus Mant. Pl. 2: 204. 1771.
蔓九节  man jiu jie
Psychotria scandens Hooker & Arnott.
Climbing or creeping vines or lianas, to 6 m or more, rather fleshy, juvenile stems appressed to substrate with adventitious roots, reproductive stems spreading at apex; stems glabrous. Petiole 1-10 mm, glabrous; leaf blade drying papery to leathery, pale green, dark reddish green, reddish brown, or dark brown, often paler below, ovate or obovate on juvenile stems and elliptic, elliptic-oblong, lanceolate, oblanceolate, or obovate-oblong on reproductive stems, 0.7-9 × 0.5-3.8 cm, glabrous, base acute to obtuse, margins plane or sometimes thinly revolute, apex acute, obtuse, or sharply acuminate; secondary veins not visible or 3-10 pairs, not forming a submarginal vein, without domatia; stipules caducous, triangular to ovate, interpetiolar or shortly united around stem, 2-3 mm, glabrous, acute to rounded. Inflorescences terminal, cymose, glabrous to puberulent, few to many flowered, branched for 3-5 orders, pedunculate; peduncle 0.5-3 cm; branched portion corymbiform, 1-5 × 1-5.5(-10) cm; bracts subtending secondary axes 1-2 mm and triangular or often leaflike and 3-6 mm, those subtending pedicels triangular, 0.2-1.5 mm; pedicels 0.5-1.5 mm. Flowers pedicellate. Calyx glabrous to puberulent; hypanthium portion obconic, 0.8-1 mm; limb flared, 0.5-1 mm, partially lobed; lobes triangular, ca. 0.5 mm. Corolla white, funnelform, outside glabrous to usually puberulent; tube 1.5-3 mm, in throat densely villous; lobes ligulate-oblong, 1.5-2.5 mm. Drupes white, subglobose or ellipsoid, 4-7 × 2.5-6 mm, with pedicels to 5 mm; pyrenes shallowly 4- or 5-ribbed. Fl. Apr-Jun, fr. year-round.
Thickets or forests in ravines, mountains, hills, flat lands; below 100-1400 m. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Taiwan, Zhejiang [Cambodia, Japan, N Korea, Laos, Thailand, Vietnam].
This species is used medicinally.This species is used medicinally.

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