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短叶水蜈蚣,Kyllinga brevifolia Rottb.

小香猪 2021-06-13 00:22:28 518

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短叶水蜈蚣,Kyllinga brevifolia Rottb.档案信息

短叶水蜈蚣Kyllinga brevifolia Rottb.

别名:水蜈蚣;西克很;野韭草;一箭球;地杨梅;水牛草;水蜈蚣草;山蜈蚣;耙齿草;白顶草;草含珠;蜜蜂草;无刺鳞水蜈蚣;夜摸草;水回头清;伤风草;三须蜈蚣;三箭草;千根草;露水草;姜虫草;寒气草;光鳞水蜈蚣;球头草;无头厚香;三棱草;小火马草;一粒子草;顶棍草;散寒草;十字草;水金钗;水香草;水香附;头顶一颗珠;三棱杯;杨梅草;连根草;银钮草;发汗草;三人扛珠;顶绣草;金牛草;金钮草;金钮子;球子草;三夹草;三荚草;蜈蚣草;疟疾草;顶天珠;原种水蜈蚣;shortleaf spikesedge;

科名:莎草科 Cyperaceae

属名:水蜈蚣属 Kyllinga

短叶水蜈蚣,Kyllinga brevifolia Rottb.

《中国植物志》第11卷187页
  4. 短叶水蜈蚣 图版LXI,4
  Kyllinga brevifolia Rottb. Descr. et Ic. (1773) 13, t. 4, f. 3; Nees in Wight, Contrib. (1834) 91, p. p.; C. B. Clarke in Hook. f. Fl. Brit. Ind. VI (1893) 588, in Journ. Linn. Soc. Bot. XXXVI (1903) 223, in Bull. Acad. Int. Geogr. Bot. XVI (1906) 62 et Ill. Cyp. (1909) t. 1, f. 1-4; E.-G. Camus in Lecomte, Fl. Gen. Indo-Chine VII (1912) 24, f. 3, 3-6; 侯宽昭等, 广州植物志 (1956) 737, 382 图 ——Kyllingia nana Hook. et Arn. Bot. Beech. Voy. (1841) 224 ——Kyllinga intermedia R. Br. var. oligostachya C. B. Clarke in Journ. Linn. Soc. Bot. XXXVI (1903) 224 ——Kyllinga colorata (Linn. ) Druce in Bot. Exch. Club Brit. Isl. 1916 (1917) 630; Hand.-Mzt. Symb. Sin. VII (1936) 1248 ——Schoenus coloratus Linn. Sp. Pl. ed. 2 (1762) 64, p. p. , teste. B. Clarke ——Scirpus glomeratus Linn. Sp. Pl. ed. 1 (1753) 52, p. p. , teste C. B. Clarke ——Carex esguirolii Levl. et Van. inBull. Soc. Bot. Fr. LIII (1906) 315 ——Cyperus brevifolius (Rottb.) Hassk. Catal. Hort. Bogor. (1844) 24; Kukenth. in Engl. Pflanzenr. Heft 101, IV, 20 (1935) 600.

《Flora of China》 Vol. 23 (2010)
Kyllinga brevifolia Rottb?ll Descr. Icon. Rar. Pl. 13. 1773.
短叶水蜈蚣  duan ye shui wu gong
Perennials. Rhizomes slender, long creeping, clothed with brown, membranous scales, internodes 1-2.5 cm, with 1 culm at each node. Culms serially arranged, sometimes also laxly tufted, 2-30 cm tall, compressed 3-angled, smooth, base not swollen, with 4 or 5 leaf sheaths. Leaves shorter to slightly longer than culm; sheaths brown, mouth obliquely truncate, apex acuminate, basal 2 bladeless, apical 2 or 3 with a blade; leaf blade 5-15 cm × 2-4 mm, flaccid, flat, midvein and apical margin spinulose. Involucral bracts 3, leaflike, longest erect to oblique or horizontal. Spike 1(-3), globose to ovoid-globose, 5-11 × 4-10 mm, with numerous densely arranged spikelets. Spikelets narrowly oblong-ovoid to narrowly ovoid, ca. 3 × 1 mm, compressed, 1- or 2-flowered. Glumes white and rusty brown maculate or rarely straw-colored, ovate, 2.8-3 mm, keel spinulose or not, veins 2 or 3 on each side of keel, apex with a strict or recurved mucro or not mucronate. Stamens 1-3; anthers linear, ca. 0.7 mm. Style long; stigmas 2, less than 1/2 as long as style. Nutlet obovoid-oblong, 1-1.5 mm, biconvex, densely punctate. Fl. and fr. May-Oct.
Under shrubs or forests, grasslands, swamps, meadows, mountain slopes, valleys, wet places along trails, ditch margins, shallow water, river margins, wet places at seashores, paddy field margins; near sea level to 2800 m. Anhui, Chongqing, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Jilin, Liaoning, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Xisha Qundao, S and SE Xizang, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Russia (Far East), Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam; tropical Africa, Atlantic Ocean islands, Australia, Central, North, and South America, Indian Ocean islands, Madagascar, Pacific islands].
Kyllinga brevifolia var. yunnanensis E. G. Camus (Notul. Syst. (Paris) 1: 239. 1910) could not be treated here because no material was seen by the present authors.Kyllinga brevifolia var. yunnanensis E. G. Camus (Notul. Syst. (Paris) 1: 239. 1910) could not be treated here because no material was seen by the present authors.

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