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楮,Broussonetia kazinoki Sieb.

被鱼叼着的猫 2021-12-06 05:31:23 3100

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楮,Broussonetia kazinoki Sieb.档案信息

楮Broussonetia kazinoki Sieb.

别名:油构;丁字黄心羌;谷皮叶;皮叶树;谷皮树;野构;纸皮;过里丹;野构树;构麻;岩桑;鸭屎树;葡幡;谷树;黄疸藤;皮桑;老莓;冷丹藤;冷木树;冷沙木;女儿构;女榖;鸦鹊树;飞天龙;尖叶楮皮;不闻症;虾子树;小构;槠;小黄构;日本楮树;酱叶树;尖叶皮踏;构树;构皮树;构皮麻;楮树;楮实子;崖桑;小麻蒜;藤纸皮;藤构;谷沙藤;生藤蜡皮树;小枸树;野构桃;葡蟠,女谷;女谷;葡蟠;小构树;小叶楮;

科名:桑科 Moraceae

属名:构属 Broussonetia

楮,Broussonetia kazinoki Sieb.

《中国植物志》第23(1)卷026页
  2. 楮(名医别录) 小构树(秦岭) 图版7: 6-8
  Broussonetia kazinoki Sieb. in Verh. Bot. Genoot. 7: 28. 1830; Sieb. et Zucc. Fl. Jap. Fam. Nat. 221. 1846; Hook. f. Fl. Brit. Ind. 5: 490. 1890; Schneid. in Sarg. Pl. Wils. 3: 305. 1912; Nakai, Fl. Sylv. Kor. 19: 111. f. 35, 36. 1932, excl. syn.; 陈嵘, 中国树木分类学。233. 1937; Makino, New Ill. Fl. Japan 96. f. 381. 1961; 中国高等植物图鉴 1: 481. 1972, pp. excl. f.; 台湾植物志 2: 120. excl. pl. 234. 1976; 湖北植物志 1: 431. 1976, excl. f.; 湖北植物大全: 266. 1992; 横断山维管植物, 上册: 303. 1993; Nguyen T. Hiep in Tap chi SINN HOC 16(4): 56. 1994. —— B. Kazinoki Sieb. var. ruyangensis P. H. Ling et X. W. Wei in Guihaia 2(1): 155. 1982, syn. nov.
  灌木,高2-4米;小枝斜上,幼时被毛,成长脱落。叶卵形至斜卵形,长3-7厘米,宽3-4.5厘米,先端渐尖至尾尖,基部近圆形或斜圆形,边缘具三角形锯齿,不裂或3裂,表面粗糙,背面近无毛;叶柄长约1厘米;托叶小,线状披针形,渐尖,长3-5毫米,宽0.5-1毫米。花雌雄同株;雄花序球形头状,直径8-10毫米,雄花花被4-3裂,裂片三角形,外面被毛,雄蕊4-3,花药椭圆形;雌花序球形,被柔毛,花被管状,顶端齿裂,或近全缘,花柱单生,仅在近中部有小突起。聚花果球形,直径8-10毫米;瘦果扁球形,外果皮壳质,表面具瘤体。花期4-5月,果期5-6月。
  产台湾及华中、华南、西南各省区。多生于中海拔以下,低山地区山坡林缘、沟边、住宅近旁。日本、朝鲜也有分布。
  韧皮纤维可以造纸。

《Flora of China》 Vol. 5 (2003)
Broussonetia kazinoki Siebold
楮  chu
Broussonetia kazinoki var. ruyangensis P. H. Ling & X. W. Wei; B. monoica Hance.
Shrubs 2-4 m tall, flowers always produced on leafy stems; monoecious. Branchlets obliquely spreading, pubescent when young, glabrescent. Stipules linear-lanceolate, 3-5 × 0.5-1 mm, apex acuminate. Petiole ca. 1 cm; leaf blade ovate to oblique-ovate, simple or 3-lobed, 3-7 × 3-4.5 cm, abaxially subglabrous, adaxially scabrous, base ± rounded to obliquely rounded, margin triangular serrate, apex attenuate to shortly acuminate. Male inflorescences globose, 0.8-1 cm in diam. Female inflorescences globose, pubescent. Male flowers: calyx 3- or 4-lobed, lobes triangular and adaxially pubescent; anthers elliptic. Female flowers: calyx pipelike, apically toothed, lobed, or entire; style 1, papillate at middle. Syncarp 0.8-1 cm in diam., with stellate clusters of stout strongly barbed hairs. Drupelets verrucate compressed; exocarp shell-like. Fl. Apr-May, fr. May-Jun.
Forest margins, low mountains, near houses. Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Japan, Korea].

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