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白肉榕,Ficus vasculosa Wall. ex Miq.

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白肉榕,Ficus vasculosa Wall. ex Miq.档案信息

白肉榕Ficus vasculosa Wall. ex Miq.

别名:牛奶木;白松;黄果榕;突脉榕;白肉黄果榕;白肉树;

科名:桑科 Moraceae

属名:榕属 Ficus

白肉榕,Ficus vasculosa Wall. ex Miq.

《中国植物志》第23(1)卷117页
  23.白肉榕(中国树木学,中国高等植物图鉴补编)突脉榕(植物分类学报)图版26:5-7
  Ficus vasculosa Wall. ex Miq.in Lond.Journ. Bot.454.1848; King in Ann.Bot. Gard .Calcutta 1: 65.t.86. 82, 1888; Hook. f. Fl.Brit.Ind.5: 517. 1890; Gagnep. in Lecomte, Fl. Gen. Indo-Chine 5: 776. 1928; 陈嵘, 中国树木分类学234. 1937; C.Y. Wu et W. T. Wang in Acta Phytotax. Sinica 6 (2): 269. 1957; Corner in Gard. Bull. Sing. 21: 30. 1965; 中国高等植物图鉴补编1: 157, f. 8432, 1982; 云南种子植物名录上册: 711.1984. ——F. championii Benth. in Journ. Bot. Kew Misc. 6: 76. 1954; 海南植物志2: 395. 1965.
  乔木,高10-15米,胸径10-15厘米;树皮灰色,平滑;小枝灰褐色,无槽纹。叶革质,椭圆形至一长椭圆状披针形,长4-11厘米,宽2-4厘米,先端钝或渐尖,基部楔形,表面深绿色,有光泽,背面浅绿.色,干后黄绿或灰绿色,全缘或为不规则分裂,侧脉10-12对,两面突起,网脉在表面甚明显;叶柄长1-2厘米;托叶卵形,长约6毫米。雌雄同株,榕果球形,直径7-10毫米,基部缢缩为短柄,总梗长7-8毫米,基生苞片3,脱落;雄花少数,生内壁近口部,具短柄,花被3-4深裂,雄花2枚,稀1或3枚,如为1枚时,则基部有退化雌蕊;瘿花和雌花多数,有柄或无柄,花被3-4深裂,子房倒卵圆形,花柱光滑,柱头2裂。榕果成熟时黄色或黄红色。瘦果光滑,通常在顶一侧有龙骨。花果期5-7月。
  产广东、海南、广西、云南及贵州(望谟)。常见于季雨林中。在云南海拔达800米。越南、泰国、马来西亚也有。

《Flora of China》 Vol. 5 (2003)
Ficus vasculosa Wallich ex Miquel
白肉榕  bai rou rong
Ficus championii Bentham.
Trees, 10-15 m tall, d.b.h. 10-15 cm. Bark gray, smooth. Branchlets grayish brown, smooth. Stipules ovate, ca. 6 mm. Petiole 1-2 cm; leaf blade elliptic to oblong-lanceolate, simple or irregularly lobed, 4-11 × 2-4 cm, leathery, abaxially pale green but yellowish to grayish green when dry, adaxially dark green and shiny, base cuneate, apex obtuse to acuminate; secondary veins 10-12 on each side of midvein, reticulate veins prominent on both surfaces. Figs yellow to yellowish red when mature, globose, 7-10 mm in diam., obscurely longitudinally ridged when dry, base attenuate into a short stalk; peduncle 0.7-0.8 cm; involucral bracts caducous. Male, gall, and female flowers within same fig. Male flowers: few, near apical pore, shortly pedicellate; calyx deeply 3- or 4-lobed; stamen (1 or)2 (or 3), if stamen 1 then basal rudimentary pistil present. Gall and female flowers: many, sessile or pedicellate; calyx deeply 3- or 4-lobed; ovary obovoid; style smooth; stigma 2-branched. Achenes smooth, usually with 1 row of small apical tubercles. Fl. and fr. May-Jul.
Seasonally wet forests; below 800 m. Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Yunnan [Malaysia, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam].

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